I need some assistance with these assignment. methanol to acetic acid Thank you in advance for the help! These routes include methyl formate isomerization, methanol carbonylation, synthesis gas to acetic acid, vapor phase oxidization to acetic acid and other novel technologies (Sunley, G., &amp. Watson, D., 2000 p.294). The carbonylation of methanol in the production of acetic acid is capable of catalyzing at high rates with minimal water concentrations while using iridium or iodide based reactor. The onset of methanol carbonylation to acetic acid began in 1960 and was commercialized by the BASF. In this introductory approach, the production o acetic acid employed the use of cobalt catalyst that was in operational synergy with the iodide as a co-catalyst. This process was conducted at high pressures of about 680 bars as well as high temperatures of 250 degrees Celsius. The Baden Aniline and Soda Factory (BASF) selectivity procedure to acetic acid production accounts for about 90% on the basis of methanol. In the mid 1960s, Monsanto developed a novel approach in methanol carbonylation using rhodium as the major catalyst again aided with iodide as a co-catalyst. This acetic acid production mechanism was highly selective accounting for approximately 99% based upon methanol (Sunley, G., &amp. Watson, D., 2000 p.294). The use of rhodium in methanol carbonylation was novel because it allowed acetic acid production under mild chemical environments.

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