Discussion 1: Content Validity
A properly constructed employment examination should result in test scores that predict job success and documentation that convinces the test reviewer that the scores will be valid. A validation study provides evidence to support the use of predictor scores (Drasgow, Whetzel, & Oppler, 2007). As you discovered last week, there are three legal strategies for demonstrating validity: criterion-related validity, content validity and construct validity. Content validity is often the basis for meeting legal and professional requirements. Content validity requires the test constructor to document the link between the job analysis and the selection process. What are the potential implications to an organization if a validation study is not conducted before a test administration process begins? What are the implications of weak validation procedures or incomplete documentation?
POST a brief explanation of two potential impacts of using tests not linked to job analyses. Then, explain one consequence of using a misaligned testing process. Support your response with at least two examples from the current literature.